lunes, 6 de marzo de 2017

[Clinical Management of HBOC in Our Hospital]. - PubMed - NCBI

[Clinical Management of HBOC in Our Hospital]. - PubMed - NCBI



 2017 Feb;44(2):116-120.

[Clinical Management of HBOC in Our Hospital].

[Article in Japanese]

Abstract

The cumulative risks of developing epithelial ovarian cancer in women aged 70-75years with BRCA1 and BRCA2 germline mutations are approximately 39-40% and 11-18%, respectively. Here, we present the management of hereditary breast and ovarian cancer(HBOC)in our hospital. HBOC management commences with the selection of appropriate candidates for genetic testing, based on personal and familial characteristics that determine the individual's probability of being a mutation carrier. Pre-test counseling, which is an essential element of genetic counseling, should include discussion of why the test is being offered, how the test results may affect medical management, and the cancer risks associated with the gene mutation. Post-test counseling is also essential; this includes disclosure of the results, discussion of their significance, assessment of their impact on the individual's emotional state, discussion of their impact on the individual's medical management, and how and where the patient will be followed-up. Most women with epithelial ovarian cancer present with advanced-stage high-grade serous carcinoma accompanied by peritoneal dissemination. The absence of reliable early detection methods and the poor prognosis of advanced ovarian cancer have led to the performance of bilateral risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy(RRSO) after the completion of childbearing in these women. We performed RRSO procedures for 40 BRCA1/2 carriers. Occult invasive cancer and intraepithelial cancer were not detected. However, 4 cases(10%)showed p53overexpression, which was considered to be a p53 signature. One case of atypical endometrial hyperplasia and 4 cases of atypical glands were diagnosed among the 36 patients who underwent hysterectomy at the time of RRSO. Although no primary peritoneal cancer was diag- nosed after RRSO, surveillance must be continued in these patients.

PMID:
 
28223670

[PubMed - in process]

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