domingo, 5 de marzo de 2017

Key Findings: Relationship Between Infant Mortality Related to Birth Defects and Delivery Payment Type | Birth Defects | NCBDDD | CDC

Key Findings: Relationship Between Infant Mortality Related to Birth Defects and Delivery Payment Type | Birth Defects | NCBDDD | CDC

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Key Findings: Relationship Between Infant Mortality Related to Birth Defects and Type of Payment for Delivery

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Infant mortality is the death of a baby before his or her first birthday. A study from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) found that infants whose deliveries were paid by Medicaid had higher rates of death related to birth defects than infants whose deliveries were paid by private health insurance. Read the scientific summary of the study.

What Did We Already Know?

Birth defects affect 1 in every 33 babies born in the United States each year. Birth defects are the leading cause of infant death in the United States, accounting for about 1 in 5 infant deaths.1

Main Findings

  • Approximately 12 infant deaths related to birth defects occurred for every 10,000 babies born in the United States from 2011-2013.
  • Death rates related to birth defects were higher for babies whose deliveries were paid by Medicaid compared to private insurance. Further studies are needed to find out the reasons behind these differences.
  • Strategies to ensure quality of care and access to care might reduce the difference between deliveries paid by Medicaid and those paid by private insurance.

About This Study

  • Researchers used data from the National Center for Health Statistics, which provides access to birth certificates and infant death certificates. In this study, researchers looked at the number of infant deaths related to birth defects per 1,000 live births for infants whose deliveries were paid by Medicaid or private health insurance.

CDC's Activities: Birth Defects

CDC is working to address birth defects with the following activities:

More Information

Key Findings Reference

Almli LM, Alter CC, Russell RB, et al. Association Between Infant Mortality Attributable to Birth Defects and Payment Source for Delivery — United States, 2011–2013. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2017;66:84–87.
References
  1. Heron M. Deaths: Leading Causes for 2014. Natl Vital Stat Rep. 2016;65(5):1-96.
Key Findings: Relationship Between Infant Mortality Related to Birth Defects and Delivery Payment Type | Birth Defects | NCBDDD | CDC

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