domingo, 19 de marzo de 2017

MeQTL analysis of childhood obesity links epigenetics with a risk SNP rs17782313 near MC4R from meta-analysis. - PubMed - NCBI

MeQTL analysis of childhood obesity links epigenetics with a risk SNP rs17782313 near MC4R from meta-analysis. - PubMed - NCBI



 2017 Jan 10;8(2):2800-2806. doi: 10.18632/oncotarget.13742.

MeQTL analysis of childhood obesity links epigenetics with a risk SNP rs17782313 near MC4R from meta-analysis.

Tang Y1Jin B2Zhou L1Lu W3.

Abstract

Earlier GWAS has identified that rs17782313 near MC4R was associated with obesity. However, subsequent studies showed conflicting results, especially among childhood. Besides, the mechanisms underlying the association between rs17782313 and childhood obesity remain largely unexplored, and genetic and epigenetic may interact and together affect the development of childhood obesity. We conducted a comprehensive meta-analysis to assess the association between rs17782313 and childhood obesity. MeQTL and eQTL analysis was applied to explore the effect of rs17782313 on DNA methylation and MC4R expression. We found that rs17782313 near MC4R was associated with increased childhood obesity risk and BMI z-score in several inheritable models (P < 0.05). Additionally, the similar trend was observed among subgroups of Asians, Caucasian. Furthermore, meQTL and eQTL analysis indicated that individuals carrying rs17782313 TT genotype were significantly associated with increased methylation level of cg10097150 located in MC4R promoter and decreased expression of MC4R than those with CT/CC genotype (P = 1.7 × 10-4 and P = 1.9 × 10-3 respectively). Our results strongly confirmed that rs17782313 was associated with increased risk of childhood obesity. Furthermore, rs17782313 T allele was correlated with promoter hypermethylation and decreased expression of MC4R, thus involved in the development of childhood obesity.

KEYWORDS:

MC4R; childhood obesitys; eQTL; meQTL; rs17782313

PMID:
 
27926527
 
DOI:
 
10.18632/oncotarget.13742
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