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Phase II, randomized, placebo-controlled study of dovitinib in combination with fulvestrant in postmenopausal patients with HR+, HER2− breast cancer that had progressed during or after prior endocrine therapy | Breast Cancer Research | Full Text

Phase II, randomized, placebo-controlled study of dovitinib in combination with fulvestrant in postmenopausal patients with HR+, HER2− breast cancer that had progressed during or after prior endocrine therapy | Breast Cancer Research | Full Text

Biomed Central



Breast Cancer Research

Phase II, randomized, placebo-controlled study of dovitinib in combination with fulvestrant in postmenopausal patients with HR+, HER2 breast cancer that had progressed during or after prior endocrine therapy

  • Antonino MusolinoEmail author,
  • Mario Campone,
  • Patrick Neven,
  • Neelima Denduluri,
  • Carlos H. Barrios,
  • Javier Cortes,
  • Kimberly Blackwell,
  • Hatem Soliman,
  • Zsuzsanna Kahan,
  • Hervé Bonnefoi,
  • Matthew Squires,
  • Yong Zhang,
  • Stephanie Deudon,
  • Michael M. Shi and
  • Fabrice André
Breast Cancer Research201719:18
DOI: 10.1186/s13058-017-0807-8
Received: 4 October 2016
Accepted: 22 January 2017
Published: 10 February 2017

Abstract

Background

Overexpression of fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGFR1), found in ≤8% of hormone receptor–positive (HR+), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2–negative (HER2) breast cancer cases, is correlated with decreased overall survival and resistance to endocrine therapy (ET). Dovitinib, a potent FGFR inhibitor, has demonstrated antitumor activity in heavily pretreated patients with FGFR pathway–amplified breast cancer.

Methods

In this randomized, placebo-controlled phase II trial, we evaluated whether the addition of dovitinib to fulvestrant would improve outcomes in postmenopausal patients with HR+, HER2 advanced breast cancer that had progressed during or after prior ET. Patients were stratified by FGF pathway amplification and presence of visceral disease, and they were randomized 1:1 to receive fulvestrant plus dovitinib or placebo. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS).

Results

From 15 May 2012 to 26 November 2014, 97 patients from 36 centers were enrolled. The frequency of FGF pathway amplification was lower than anticipated, and the study was terminated early owing to slow accrual of patients with FGF pathway amplification. The median PFS (95% CI) was 5.5 (3.8–14.0) months vs 5.5 (3.5–10.7) months in the dovitinib vs placebo arms, respectively (HR, 0.68; did not meet predefined efficacy criteria). For the FGF pathway–amplified subgroup (n = 31), the median PFS (95% CI) was 10.9 (3.5–16.5) months vs 5.5 (3.5–16.4) months in the dovitinib vs placebo arms, respectively (HR, 0.64; met the predefined superiority criteria). Frequently reported adverse events in the dovitinib (diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, asthenia, and headache) and placebo (diarrhea, fatigue, nausea, and asthenia) arms were mostly low grade.

Conclusions

The safety profile of dovitinib plus fulvestrant was consistent with the known safety profile of single-agent dovitinib. Dovitinib in combination with fulvestrant showed promising clinical activity in the FGF pathwayamplified subgroup. However, the data reported herein should be interpreted with caution, given that fewer PFS events occurred in the FGF pathway–amplified patients than was expected and that an effect of dovitinib regardless of FGR pathway amplification status cannot be excluded, because the population was smaller than expected.

Trial registration

ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01528345. Registered 31 January 2012.

Keywords

Dovitinib TKI285 Fulvestrant FGF FGFR Breast cancer Endocrine resistance

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