domingo, 12 de marzo de 2017

Using lessons from breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer screening to inform the development of lung cancer screening programs. - PubMed - NCBI

Using lessons from breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer screening to inform the development of lung cancer screening programs. - PubMed - NCBI



 2016 May 1;122(9):1338-42. doi: 10.1002/cncr.29937. Epub 2016 Feb 29.

Using lessons from breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer screening to inform the development of lung cancer screening programs.

Abstract

Multiple advisory groups now recommend that high-risk smokers be screened for lung cancer by low-dose computed tomography. Given that the development of lung cancer screening programs will face many of the same issues that have challenged other cancer screening programs, the National Cancer Institute-funded Population-based Research Optimizing Screening through Personalized Regimens (PROSPR) consortium was used to identify lessons learned from the implementation of breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer screening that should inform the introduction of lung cancer screening. These lessons include the importance of developing systems for identifying and recruiting eligible individuals in primary care, ensuring that screening centers are qualified and performance is monitored, creating clear communication standards for reporting screening results to referring physicians and patients, ensuring follow-up is available for individuals with abnormal test results, avoiding overscreening, remembering primary prevention, and leveraging advances in cancer genetics and immunology. Overall, this experience emphasizes that effective cancer screening is a multistep activity that requires robust strategies to initiate, report, follow up, and track each step as well as a dynamic and ongoing oversight process to revise current screening practices as new evidence regarding screening is created, new screening technologies are developed, new biological markers are identified, and new approaches to health care delivery are disseminated. Cancer 2016;122:1338-1342. © 2016 American Cancer Society.

KEYWORDS:

implementation; lung cancer; primary care; quality; screening

PMID:
 
26929386
 
PMCID:
 
PMC4840047
 [Available on 2017-05-01]
 
DOI:
 
10.1002/cncr.29937

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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